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Courts of reduced jurisdiction are courts that tackle only specific varieties of cases. They are often located in/near a county courthouse and are usually presided by just a single judge. A judge sitting without having a jury hears almost all of the cases heard as a result of these courts. Some examples connected with trial courts in limited jurisdiction include things like:
Typical claims court: This court frequently handles issues between private people of a relatively low dollar amount, for example, less than a couple thousand dollars.
Municipal court: This court commonly handles cases involving offenses against city ordinances.
Probate court: This court addresses matters concerning administering the estate of a person who has recently deceased. It sees that this provisions of will are carried out or sees that her property is distributed according to state law in the event he/she died intestate (without having a will).
Family court: This court tackles matters concerning adopting, annulments, divorce proceedings, alimony, child custody, child support, etc.
Traffic court: This court usually handles minor violations of traffic legislation.
Juvenile court: This court normally handles cases regarding delinquent children under some age, for instance, 18 or twenty one.
Many states possess a county court, which may often be purely administrative (just like ) or regularly have jurisdiction over criminal cases like felonies (your state) In states using an administrative court, the board acts as the primary agency for your local government. In the states which happen to have a judicial court, such as California, it generally handles trials for felonies, and also appeals of misdemeanors through local courts plus some small claims cases. It is the court of first jurisdiction, and thus deals with mostly trials for accused felons. The San Bernardino Area Court is founded and has the ability to take care of the prosecution of all offenses committed within the County. The County Court has limited jurisdiction around civil cases. In Colorado for example the Judge handles such jurisdiction..
Otherwise in north america, the courts of original jurisdiction in most states have jurisdiction during a particular county, parish, shire, or borough; but instead to be called "county court" they may be called "superior court" and "circuit court". Multiple courts of typically limited original jurisdiction inside of a county are normally called "district courts" and, if located on and serving an individual municipality, "municipal courts"; and are subordinate with the county superior and circuit court.