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Litigation Courts of reasonably limited jurisdiction are courts that deal with only specific styles of court cases. They are often located in/near any county courthouse and tend to be usually presided by just a single judge. A judge sitting and not using a jury hears almost all of the cases heard by just these courts. Some examples of trial courts of limited jurisdiction include things like:
Typical claims court: This court ordinarily handles disagreements regarding private persons from a relatively low amount of money amount, for example, less than a few thousand dollars.
Municipal court: This court normally handles cases involved with offenses against area ordinances.
Probate : This court addresses matters concerning administering the estate of a person who just died. It sees the provisions of a will are executed or sees that a property is distributed as reported by state law should he/she died intestate (without a will).
Family : This court deals with matters concerning child care, annulments, separation, alimony, guardianship, child support, etc.
Traffic court: This court usually handles minor infractions of traffic laws and regulations.
Juvenile court: This court usually handles cases involving delinquent children under a particular age, for instance, 18 or twenty one.
Many states contain a county court, which may often be purely administrative (such as ) or may have jurisdiction over criminal cases such as felonies (just like in your state) In states using an administrative court, the board acts like the primary agency to the local government. In the states that contain a judicial county court, such as New york, it generally handles trials for felonies, and also appeals of misdemeanors through local courts many small claims cases.
It is the court of initial jurisdiction, and thus deals with mostly trials for accused felons. The San Bernardino County Court is established and able to take care of the prosecution of crimes committed with the County.
The County Court has the benefit of limited jurisdiction in civil cases. In Texas as an illustration the Judge handles such jurisdiction..
Otherwise in the united states, the courts regarding original jurisdiction practically in most states have jurisdiction over a particular county, parish, shire, or borough; but instead of being called "county court" they may be called "superior court" or "circuit court". Multiple courts from typically limited original jurisdiction inside of a county are in most cases called "district courts" and, if located in and serving a particular municipality, "municipal courts"; and are subordinate towards the county superior or even circuit court.